EU releases white paper on artificial intelligence
The White Paper proposes a series of policy measures aimed at vigorously promoting European artificial intelligence research and development, while effectively responding to the risks it may bring. Analysts point out that the EU's move is not only to make up for the shortcomings of cutting-edge technology, but also to seize the dominance of global rules in the digital age.
EU digital strategy
When the new European Commission President Feng Delane took office in December 2019, he took the digital plan as a priority and promised to introduce new EU digital strategy initiatives within 100 days of his administration. The artificial intelligence strategy is one of the core pillars of the EU's digital strategy. The European Commission pointed out that artificial intelligence is developing rapidly, and Europe needs to increase investment for this, while also dealing with a series of potential risks.
Reliable artificial intelligence framework
Von Delane stressed that technology must comply with the rights of the people, hope to revitalize the economy through digital transformation, and seek European solutions for the digital age. In the White Paper, the European Union proposed the establishment of a "reliable artificial intelligence framework", focusing on three major goals: research and development of people-oriented technologies; building a fair and competitive economy; and building an open, democratic, and sustainable society.
The European Commission pointed out that from digital medicine to precision agriculture, from autonomous driving to smart cities, artificial intelligence technology has a wide range of applications and huge economic potential. However, the EU has lagged behind the United States and China in terms of artificial intelligence research and development and application.
The latest statistical report released by the World Intellectual Property Organization shows that more than 85% of the world's artificial intelligence-related technology patents come from Chinese and American companies. In order to close the gap between artificial intelligence technology and the world's leading level as soon as possible, the European Union has proposed an ambitious investment plan in the White Paper, which will invest up to 20 billion euros in technology research and development and application funds in the next 10 years.
300 billion euros economic scale of artificial intelligence
According to the European Union's estimation, the current economic scale of digital technologies such as artificial intelligence in the European Union is 300 billion euros, accounting for 2.4% of the EU's GDP. Five years later, this number will triple. Industries such as artificial intelligence have created 5.7 million jobs for the EU, and in five years this number will at least double. The European Commission's Executive Vice-President, Vestalg, responsible for digital affairs, said that the introduction of digital strategies such as artificial intelligence has provided the EU with a second chance to become a world leader in advanced technology.
The European Union has always attached great importance and is good at making rules to deal with the risks of technological rights to citizens' rights.
Key audit and supervision targets
As early as 2017, the European Union took the lead in proposing the world's first General Data Protection Regulation, which is the strictest in history. The EU ’s latest White Paper on Artificial Intelligence has also formulated a series of measures to protect citizens ’privacy and data security. For example, artificial intelligence companies must pass security testing and qualification audits by relevant departments to enter the EU market. Among them, artificial intelligence companies in "high-risk" industries such as medical equipment, autonomous driving, social security, and mobile payment have been listed as key audit and supervision targets.
EU Judiciary Commissioner Reynders pointed out: "If a self-driving car is involved in a traffic accident, who will be held responsible for it? We must make provisions for similar issues." The White Paper also imposes strict restrictions on the use of remote biometric systems such as face recognition . These regulations not only apply to local European companies, but will also have a significant impact on digital companies in third countries operating in the European Union. Zuckerberg, president of the international social media Facebook, has rushed to Brussels to lobby. According to EU media reports, Zuckerberg hopes to reduce EU's reduction by promising to strengthen its response to harmful online information.
Market entry barriers for foreign companies. However, the European Commission is tough on this issue. EU internal market commissioner Bretton said that large international digital technology companies such as Facebook should shoulder important social responsibilities and should not let us adapt to these companies, but let them adapt to us. "
EU Digital Services Act
The European Union's White Paper on Artificial Intelligence will accept public consultations from all walks of life within the next three months, and then make corresponding amendments based on the feedback results. According to the plan, the EU will formulate legally binding digital rules, such as the EU Digital Services Act, at the end of this year, so as to make clear regulations on issues such as regulating market access, strengthening corporate responsibility and protecting basic rights.